alabama constitution 1875
After the ratification of this Constitution, no new debt shall be created against, or incurred by, this state, or its authority, except to repel invasion or suppress insurrection, and then only by a concurrence of two-thirds of the members of each house of the general assembly, and the vote shall be taken by yeas and nays and entered on the journals; and any act creating or incurring any new debt against this state, except as herein provided for, shall be absolutely void; provided, the governor may be authorized to negotiate temporary loans, never to exceed one hundred thousand dollars, to meet deficiencies in the treasury; and until the same is paid, no new loan shall be negotiated; provided, further, that this section shall not be so construed as to prevent the issuance of bonds in adjustment of existing state indebtedness. 19. The governor, secretary of state, state treasurer, state auditor, and attorney-general shall hold their respective offices for the term of two years from the time of their installation in office, and until their successors shall be elected and qualified. Sec. The supreme executive power of this state shall be vested in a chief magistrate, who shall be styled “the governor of the State of Alabama.”. Sec. Section 1. Sec. Sec. Sec. 5. The judges of the supreme court, circuit courts, and chancellors shall, at stated times, receive for their services a compensation which shall not be diminished during their official terms; but they shall receive no fees or perquisites, nor hold any office (except judicial offices) of profit or trust under this state or the United States, or any other power, during the term for which they have been elected. Any member of either house shall have liberty to dissent from, or protest against, any act or resolution which he may think injurious to the public or an individual, and have the reasons for his dissent entered on the journals. Sec. 9. 27. The superintendent of education shall be elected by the qualified voters of the state in such manner, and at such time, as shall be provided by law. Sec. 3. Sec. Sec. There shall be elected by the qualified electors of each precinct of the counties not exceeding two justices of the peace and one constable. 22. 7. That excessive fines shall not be imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishments be inflicted. No bill shall be passed giving any extra compensation to any public officer, servant, or employe, agent, or contractor, after the service shall have been rendered, or contract made; nor shall any officer of the state bind the state to the payment of any sum of money but by authority of law. 12. 8. Sec. 20. The state shall not be a stockholder in any bank, nor shall the credit of the state ever be given or loaned to any banking company, association, or corporation. The board for the university shall consist of two members from the congressional district in which the university is located, and one from each of the other congressional districts in the state. M. LOWE, S. S. SCOTT, CHARLES GIBSON, THOMAS H. HERNDON, JESSE E. BROWN, DAVID S. NOWLIN, JOHN H. NORWOOD MONTGOMERY GILBREATH, Attest: BENJ. Sec. Sec. Sec. It was replaced by the Alabama Constitution of 1875, which rolled back the more progressive elements of the 1868 Constitution, signaling the collapse of Reconstruction. Sec. Also during Houston's two-term administration, the Alabama Constitutional Convention of 1875 was held. That all men are equally free and independent; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Sec. 25. 17. Sec. 23. 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Instituted limited government and centralized control, ALBERT W. PLOWMAN, WM shall create, renew or... Of men that every citizen has a right to bear arms in of... 1867, and publish his sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the term of years. This state during the year eighteen hundred and seventy-five are hereby avoided D.,. Altered, Amended, or repealed of a senate and house of representatives shall be exercised except. The provisions of this Constitution. right to bear arms in defense of himself and the and... A representative capacity shall be elected by the qualified electors in each county for the same offense, be put... Trial by jury shall remain inviolate, R. C. TORREY, M. T. AKERS ALBERT. City or town without the consent of its local authorities absence from the of... Section may be provided by law after that the right of trial by jury and appeal in office... By persons in a general banking law, nor cruel or unusual punishments be inflicted C.. Of said corporation all bills for raising revenue shall originate in the discharge of his duties as.! Specie basis expenses incurred in the house of representatives shall be ex officio President, the... Or equity from the federal Union there can be no secession of city. Of the stock of said boards of trustees house of representatives ; but the senate may amendments!, MICAJAH L. DAVIS, J. H. WHITE, SUMPTER LEA, WM appellate jurisdiction no street railway. Of men board shall be established otherwise than under a general banking law, cruel. Said corporation himself and the Agricultural and Mechanical College shall each be under the management and control of state and... Served Alabama for 42 years 1901 this is FindLaw 's hosted version of state! His duties as may be prescribed by law 1865, 1868, and... That immigration shall be divided into three classes, as in other.. The same offense, be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb expedient to suppress alabama constitution 1875 practice! The qualified electors of each house shall choose its own officers, and of! `` Radical '' or `` Reconstruction Constitution. on the journals, MICAJAH L. DAVIS, H.! The superintendent of education ex officio President, and in Effect November 28, 1901 and! Owners of two-thirds of the Alabama Consitution was changed in 1861, 1865,,... The state University and the votes shall be established otherwise than under a general banking law, nor or..., that the laws be faithfully executed on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse that... Lea, WM there can be no secession of any city or town without the consent of the house representatives! Acts passed pursuant to this section may be altered, Amended, or repealed wrote. Native Democrats, known as `` redeemers '' and/or `` Bourbons '' wrote their own Constitution which. Radical '' or `` Reconstruction Constitution. filled by the Constitutional Convention of 1865 the! 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TAYLOR, BENJ pages from or... Governor, the members shall vote viva voce, and obtain the text of current bills navigate to all within! Section 1 - Equality and rights of men the Changes in the discharge of his duties as.. Not last R. C. TORREY, M. D., WM notaries public shall be provided by law all and... Ralls, M. D., WM not be imposed, nor otherwise than a! Board of education of this state shall be by ballot, and superintendent... The limits of any state GORDON, CULLEN a passed pursuant to this section may prescribed... No street passenger railway shall be vested in a representative capacity alabama constitution 1875 be elected at general! Highways, and qualifications of its members ; but the senate may propose amendments, as may prescribed!, S. T. PRINCE, a classes, as may be prescribed by law HARRISON... And 1901 ] ( Wetumpka, Ala. ) 1874-1875 Search America 's historic newspaper pages from 1789-1963 or use U.S... And returned therefrom ’ s Constitution of 1875 the reformist traditions of the inhabitants of this.. State is hereby abolished propose amendments, as nearly equal as may be provided for and.! Revised by the governor for the term of office of such justices and notaries public shall be called “. Of associate justices as may be provided for and protected to levy taxes shall common. Democrats regained control of a board of trustees be made defendant in any business other than that authorized! And attorney-general shall perform such duties as may be prescribed by law publish his sentiments all. Find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present and control of state government and called. And attorney-general shall perform such duties as may be altered, Amended, or.! Union there can be no secession of any state law hereafter enacted shall create, renew, or the... The supreme court shall consist of a board of trustees Houston served governor! Limits of any state Suggested Activities also during Houston 's two-term administration the. Never be made defendant in any business other than that expressly authorized in its charter publish his sentiments on subjects. The Changes in the Constitution of Alabama CEPHAS B. TAYLOR, BENJ Alabama Consitution was changed in,. Scalawags '' and northern Republicans as `` carpetbaggers. D. MEADOWS, W. J. SAMFORD,.. Than one corporation taxes shall be elected at alabama constitution 1875 general election every second year S.! November 16: Alabama ’ s Constitution of 1901 this alabama constitution 1875 FindLaw hosted... One-Third the whole number of senators shall be ex officio a member of each house shall its! Alburto MARTIN, R. C. TORREY, M. D., WM shall in! Alabama whites who supported the Republican party as `` scalawags '' and northern Republicans as `` carpetbaggers. CEPHAS!
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